Understanding Common Legal Terms and Definitions in Personal Injury Law

*Common Personal Injury Law Legal Terms & Definitions* Lawyers in the House with Montlick – Episode 25. Today, Montlick Injury Attorneys discuss the most common personal injury legal terms. If you or a member of your family have been harmed…

If you’ve ever had to navigate the twists and turns of a personal injury case, you know just how overwhelming the legal process can feel. One major hurdle is getting a grasp of the legal terms that are thrown around throughout your case. Fortunately, this guide is here to help you cut through the jargon and clarify common legal terms and definitions in personal injury law. Whether you’re a plaintiff, defendant, or other legal party, this article will give you a solid foundation to build upon as you work to understand the complex world of personal injury law.

Understanding Common Legal Terms and Definitions in Personal Injury Law


People who suffer physical or psychological injury due to the negligence of another party can seek legal representation and pursue compensation for their damages. Personal injury law encompasses a variety of legal concepts, and it can be difficult to understand all of the terminology without the help of an experienced lawyer. That is why I Need Law Injury Attorneys have compiled a list of the most common legal terms and definitions in personal injury law to help individuals better understand their legal rights.


Liability refers to the legal responsibility for causing harm or injury to another party. In a personal injury case, the liable party is the one who is at fault for the incident that caused the injury.


Negligence occurs when an individual or entity fails to exercise reasonable care and their actions result in harm or injury to another party. In a personal injury case, proving negligence is essential in establishing liability.


Damages refer to the losses that an individual suffers as a result of an injury caused by the negligence of another party. Damages can be both economic, including medical expenses and lost wages, and non-economic, including pain and suffering and emotional distress.

Statute of Limitations

The statute of limitations is the time limit set by law in which an individual must file a personal injury claim. Failure to file within this time limit can result in the loss of the right to seek compensation.

Contingency Fee

A contingency fee is a payment method where the lawyer only receives payment if the case is successful. The fee is a percentage of the compensation received by the client.


A settlement is an agreement reached between the plaintiff and the defendant, often with the help of their respective lawyers, outside of court. This agreement usually involves the payment of compensation to the plaintiff in exchange for dropping the lawsuit.


Arbitration is an alternative method of dispute resolution where a neutral third party makes a final decision regarding the disputed issue. Like a settlement, arbitration is often used to avoid a lengthy and expensive trial.


A trial is the process by which a personal injury case is presented to a judge or jury for a decision. During this process, the evidence is presented, witnesses testify, and the judge or jury makes a final decision.

Why Choose Our Injury Attorneys?

Our Injury Attorneys have been helping individuals pursue compensation for injury and damages since 1984. With a team of experienced lawyers, Our Injury Attorneys provide legal assistance for various personal injury cases, including car accidents and medical malpractice. To get help with a personal injury case, individuals can call (929) 395-1818 for a free consultation.

The Lawyers in the House podcast, brought by Montlick Injury Attorneys, provides educational and entertainment content, but not advice or services. Individuals seeking legal advice should contact Montlick Injury Attorneys for a consultation.


Understanding common legal terms and definitions in personal injury law can provide a better understanding of your legal rights. Whether it’s understanding liability or the statute of limitations, knowing these legal concepts can help individuals navigate the legal system and pursue compensation for their damages. For more information, individuals can contact Montlick Injury Attorneys for a free consultation.


  1. What should I do if I am injured in an accident caused by someone else’s negligence?
    Answer: Seek medical attention for your injuries and contact an experienced personal injury lawyer as soon as possible.
  2. Does the statute of limitations differ by state?
    Answer: Yes, the statute of limitations can vary by state and type of personal injury case.
  3. Can I still seek compensation if I was partially at fault for the accident?
    Answer: Yes, some states allow for compensation even if the plaintiff was partially at fault. However, the amount of compensation may be reduced.
  4. What types of damages can I seek compensation for in a personal injury case?
    Answer: Economic damages, including medical expenses and lost wages, as well as non-economic damages, including pain and suffering and emotional distress.
  5. Can I switch lawyers if I am not satisfied with my current lawyer?
    Answer: Yes, individuals have the right to change lawyers at any time during their case. However, it is important to carefully consider the decision and consult with a new lawyer before making any changes.
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